dog peeing blood

Understanding Hematuria: Why Is My Dog Peeing Blood?

Seeing your furry friend pee blood can be alarming, and you’re likely wondering what’s going on. Hematuria in dogs means there’s inflammation somewhere in their urinary system, a fact that understandably raises concern among pet owners.

This article dives into the causes of hematuria, how it’s diagnosed, and the treatments available to help your dog get back to good health. Read on to unravel the medical mystery of your dog peeing blood.

Key Takeaways

  • Hematuria in dogs means there is blood in the urine, which could be from an infection, stones, or injury along the urinary tract.

  • A vet can diagnose hematuria using physical exams, collecting urine samples, and tests like X-rays or ultrasounds to find the cause.

  • Treatments for hematuria vary but might include antibiotics for infections, surgery for bladder stones, or diet changes to prevent future problems.

  • Preventing urinary issues includes regular check-ups with the vet and keeping your dog hydrated and active.

  • If you see blood in your dog’s pee, take them to the vet quickly to figure out the problem and start treatment.

Understanding Hematuria in Dogs

Hematuria means there’s blood in your dog’s urine. It can be alarming to see, but it’s a sign that something isn’t right inside their body. The blood might make the urine look red or brown.

You might spot just a few drops of blood after your dog goes potty, or the whole pee could look bloody.

Blood in dog urine can come from different parts of the urinary tract. The lower part includes the bladder and urethra, while the upper part has kidneys and ureters. Infections, stones, or even injuries can cause bleeding anywhere along this system.

If you notice any changes in color or if your dog is acting differently — like having trouble peeing — it’s time for a vet visit. Your vet will check out what’s going on and find the best way to help your furry friend feel better fast.

Causes of Hematuria in Dogs

dog peeing blood

Understanding why our four-legged friends might have blood tainting their urine can be alarming, yet it’s vital to unmask the reasons behind hematuria.

From infections snaking through the urinary tract to the gritty discomfort of bladder stones, a spectrum of culprits could be provoking this concerning symptom in dogs.

Let’s delve deeper and decode these causes..

Bladder or Kidney Infection

dog peeing blood

Bacteria can sneak into your dog’s bladder or kidneys and start an infection. This serious bacterial infection can cause blood in the urine. Your dog might pee more often, have a hard time going, or show signs they are in pain.

Both male and female dogs get these infections. But, females tend to get lower urinary tract infections more.

Kidney infections are serious and need quick action from the vet. They will use antibiotics to fight off the bugs causing trouble.

Without treatment, your furry friend could get kidney disease and face major health problems.

Always keep an eye out for any changes in how your dog acts when they pee – it could be a clue that something’s not right inside.

Urinary Tract Infection

dog peeing blood

Dogs can get urinary tract infections just like people do. These infections happen when germs get into the bladder or a dog’s kidneys, and start to grow. Your dog might pee more often, have blood in their urine, or show signs that it hurts when they go.

Vets usually check for a urinary tract infection by testing a urine sample.

Treating your dog’s UTI often involves antibiotics. The medicine fights off the bad germs causing the problem.

Always follow your vet’s advice on how to give this treatment to help your furry friend feel better fast!

Presence of Bladder Stones

dog peeing blood

Moving beyond infections, bladder stones are another common culprit for blood in your dog’s urine.

These jagged little crystals form inside the bladder and can scrape the lining, leading to bleeding, pain, and trouble peeing.

Just imagine how uncomfortable it must be for your furry friend! They might even cry out or whimper when trying to go.

To figure out if bladder stones are causing the issue, vets often use tests like urinalysis or an ultrasound. If they find stones, don’t worry—there are ways to treat them.

Your vet may suggest a special diet to dissolve the stones or recommend surgery if they’re too big to pass on their own.

Keeping an eye on your dog’s pee habits can help catch these pesky stones early on. Regular check-ups play a big part too in stopping them from becoming a bigger problem.

Diagnosing Hematuria in Dogs

dog peeing blood

Finding blood in your dog’s urine can be scary. A vet will run tests to find out why this is happening. Here’s what the vet might do:

  • Perform a physical exam. The vet checks your dog for signs of pain or lumps.

  • Ask about symptoms. You’ll need to tell the vet if your dog has trouble peeing or is peeing a lot.

  • Take a urine sample. This helps the vet see if there are red blood cells or signs of infection.

  • Order a complete blood count (CBC). A CBC shows if there’s an infection or other blood issues.

  • Do imaging tests like X – rays or ultrasound. These pictures show stones, tumors, or changes in the bladder and kidneys.

  • Consider advanced tests such as cystoscopy. The vet can look inside the bladder with a special camera.

  • Check for prostate problems in male dogs. The prostate can cause bloody urine too.

  • Analyze liver enzymes and kidney function. This tells the vet if these organs are working well.

  • Run a urine culture test. It finds specific bacteria that might cause infections.

Treatment for Dog Peeing Blood

dog peeing blood

After a vet figures out why a dog is peeing blood, they can start the right treatment. This may include different ways to help your dog get better.

  • A dog with an infection might need antibiotics. The vet will choose the best kind based on the germ causing the problem.

  • If bladder stones are the issue, a special diet or surgery could be needed. This helps remove the stones and keep them from coming back.

  • Pain medicine can ease discomfort for dogs that hurt when they pee. Vets make sure dogs feel better as they heal.

  • For more serious conditions like cancer, treatment might involve surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation. Each plan focuses on helping the dog while fighting the disease.

  • Dogs with frequent urinary problems may benefit from changes in their diet and more water. These steps help prevent new issues from starting.

  • When there’s trouble with a dog’s prostate, medicine or surgery could improve its health. Treating an enlarged prostate is important for male dogs especially.

  • Regular check – ups and tests help keep track of a dog’s healing progress. The vet adjusts treatments based on how well the dog responds.

Prevention of Future Urinary Problems

Keeping your dog healthy means watching out for urinary problems. Here are ways to prevent urinary tract issues before they start:

  • Keep your dog clean and well – groomed, especially around their lower belly and genitals. This cuts down on bacteria that can cause infections.

  • Visit the vet regularly for check – ups and urine tests. These can catch early signs of trouble in your dog’s urinary tract.

  • Make sure your dog always has fresh water to drink. Staying hydrated helps flush out their system and prevents urinary tract disease.

  • Feed your pup a diet that’s just right for them. The right food keeps their weight in check and supports a healthy urinary system.

  • Exercise is key! Regular walks and playtime help prevent bladder stones by keeping your dog active.

  • Act fast at the first sign of any urinary issue. Quick treatment stops infections from getting worse.

  • Watch how often your dog pees or tries to pee. Changes can signal a problem, so see your vet if you notice anything.


dog peeing blood

Your dog’s health is vital. If you notice blood in their urine, it’s time to visit the vet right away. Remember, hematuria can point to many different issues – from infections to stones or even serious diseases.

Quick action may save discomfort and lead to a happier, healthier pup.

Care for your furry friend starts with paying attention to these important signs.


1. What does it mean if my dog is peeing blood?

When you notice your dog’s urine is discolored with blood, it’s called hematuria. This could come from problems with blood vessels in the upper urinary tract or signal conditions like a bladder infection, kidney stones, or even more serious issues like cancer.

2. Should I be worried about blood in my dog’s urine?

Yes, seeing blood in your dog’s pee can be alarming—don’t ignore it! It often means there’s something not right internally that could range from infections to inflammation or growths along the urinary tracts. Best get a vet involved for a proper diagnosis.

3. Could it just be a simple bladder infection causing this?

It’s possible; bladder infections are common reasons dogs might have bloody urine. But don’t guess—other serious diseases like cystitis or tumors also cause similar symptoms so let an expert DVM take charge and find out what’s really happening.

4. Are certain breeds more at risk for peeing blood?

Sure thing—some breeds like Scottish Terriers and Dalmatians may face higher risks of conditions that lead to hematuria such as bladder and kidney cancer (transitional cell carcinoma) or stone-related ailments due to their anatomy and genetics.

5. What will vets do to figure out why my dog has bloody pee?

Veterinarians start with a physical examination—they’ll check your furry friend thoroughly then may suggest tests like biopsies or imaging techniques such as cystourethroscopy to look inside the urinary tract for clues on the bleeding source.

6. My older male dog is struggling while peeing; what could it be?

For senior male dogs having trouble—and maybe pain—in passing urine, you might consider enlargement of the prostate (benign prostatic hypertrophy) as a culprit but remember other conditions exist too, so have him checked pronto by your vet.

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